One of the things I have noticed most is that our students lack knowledge of how much lexis affects register. Even CPE students I have taught have been puzzled to find phrasal verbs highlighted (by me) in essays, assuming the issue was with meaning, not style or register. I think students need to know about register and how their choices affect it and so here is a little lesson to highlight it.
The other reason for doing it like this is that students often say:
“phrasal verbs are hard, I’m just not going to use them.”
This hopefully gives them a reason to use them in a way that is manageable and demystifies them, seeing them as just another piece of vocab.
For follow up I am setting noticing skills, asking them to see if they can find other examples in newspapers / magazines / films and bring them into class. As always, the key is trying to make them a little more autonomous and get them reading outside the classroom environment.
*I am using ‘phrasal verb’ in the lesson to describe multi-word verbs, I know therre is a debate about what is and what isn’t but don’t think it is necessarily helpful for students to play that out in front of them.
Level: High Int +
Aim: To highlight the effect on register of using phrasal verbs
This lesson starts with a little sort of needs analysis, getting students to think about this first just helps you to find out more about their strengths and weaknesses.
Needs Analysis: You could set it as homework and then ask them to bring it to class to discuss, but I do this as my warmer. Depending on the students this stage can last between 10-30 mins.
- I think the second option is correct, but in a sense you could accept that both are correct
- look at is not a phrasal verb – look into (investigate) and look up (search in a dictionary/online) can be both normal verb and phrasal verb. Look for meaning search for something is a phrasal verb.
- Students own answers and good for discussion
- probably more spoken but not exclusively. There are some phrasal verbs which we use a lot in written English
Get letter – sheet 2:
T/F questions -answers
- F it is grammatically good but has register issues
Meanings of get
- get your reply – receive
- getting around to – finding time to
- get involved in – take part in / participate
- have got – have
- will we get – receive
- get picked up – be picked up – get used in passive
- get on well – have a good relationship with
The rewrite could be done in class as groups, something I like to do, or could be set as homework
Putting knowledge into action
When I do this I ask them if there is a subtle difference in the two choices, highlighting that synonyms are rarely perfect for each other and that they add subtle shades and nuances. Try to elicit this from students as well as any other synonyms that come up.
- talk – catch up
- spend time with – hang out with
- plan – sort out – in this context
- meet – get together – I also emphasise that meet up would work here too
- like to go – be up for it
- come – pop by
- interested in – keen on
- excited about – looking forward to
These words make it more informal and friendlier in its feel.