This is quite a short one. I am a big believer in using music in the classroom but I like to use snippets of songs. I’ve always felt that if you use the whole song, you very often end up with students who hate the song. But, if you listen to one or two verses, they might go off and listen to it themselves.
If you would like to try other lessons using songs or snippets of songs, you could try:
I really like this song as they used present perfect continuous when I feel present perfect would have worked just as well. It’s the perfect opportunity for students to consider why someone might choose one over the other. The continuous aspect really conveys the singers emotion and emphasises how long they feel these actions have been going on for.
Having recently seen the wonderful Danny Norrington-Davies at the ELT Ireland conference, I have decided to take his approach to the grammar for this lesson. I have asked the students why the writer has used the Present Perfect Continuous and I want them to go beyond “It’s an action that started in the past and continued to the present and is still continuing”. I want to hear about the emotion that is being conveyed.
I’ve been looking so long at these pictures of you.
That I almost believe that they’re real.
I’ve been living so long with my pictures of you
That I almost believe that the pictures are, all I can feel.
By the end of the lesson, the students will be more aware of the emotion that can be conveyed through the present perfect continuous.
Time: 1 hour (max)
Level: Intermediate and above
- T should fold the handout in half so that sts cannot see the lyrics.
- T instructs sts to discuss the opening questions in small groups and then feeds back as a class.
- This is a nice opportunity to look at language to discuss music. I’ve included “Taste in music” but I think others will emerge naturally e.g. “I’m not a fan of” “It’s not for me” “I’m not really into X music” “I’m more of a X person”.
- T plays the opening 2mins of the song (or as much as they feel is necessary) and instructs sts to listen and consider the questions at the beginning of the listening section.
- Sts discuss in pairs.
- This is a nice opportunity to introduce the chunk “It makes me feel X” or “It sounds (like)”
- T tells the students that this is a song by The Cure and it is on Youtube if they would like to listen to the whole song. Today, they are just going to listen to about 10 seconds of it and they will be using it for both grammar and pronunciation.
- T plays the first verse (starting at about 2mins 35) and instructs sts to write everything they hear in the empty box. T replays the first verse 2-3 times and sts write down whatever they hear. After each play, give sts time to check with partners.
- T instructs sts to unfold their handout and check their answers. Sts should circle any words they didn’t hear / heard incorrectly.
- This is a wonderful chance for some listening skills reflection. Encourage sts to reflect on what / why they didn’t hear it. Was it:
- because of the music? They will often have music in the background when listening. Is there anything they can do to help them in this situation?
- because of the accent? What in particular surprised them? Focus on these words/phrases and drill them.
- because of the vocabulary? Which words were new?
- because of weak forms and connected speech? See Pron focus section
- T directs sts to the language focus section (putting extra importance on the third question). Sts discuss the questions in pairs. T moves around and helps where necessary.
- At this point you will find sts regurgitating a Raymond Murphy style explanation of the present perfect continuous. Try to discourage this and encourage sts to think why the writer chose to use this tense.
- T gives the sts a post-it note and asks them to write down their answer to the third question. T collects, places them on the board and gets sts to crowd around the board in their pairs and discuss the suggestions. They should choose their favourite answer.
- While they are still standing, discuss their ideas as a class.
- You are looking for something like: The writer wants to convey that they feel these actions have been ongoing for a long time. They want to emphasise the time over the action. Their emotions are being conveyed through this tense. The writer could have used present perfect as well but it would not have conveyed the same emotion and would have highlighted the action instead.
- T moves to the pronunciation section and replays the song to allow sts to decide how “been” and “can” are pronounced.
- Sts have often been encouraged to pronounce “been” with /i:/ but in natural speech it is closer to /bIn/. “Can” becomes /kən/. Drill the chunks as a class, correcting where necessary.
- Sts write their own version of the lyrics below, either keeping the song as a sad one or perhaps changing it to a happier one. Sts make a choice on which tense to use.
- you can either play the song and they all sing their versions together for fun.
- or you can get sts to read them out and practise the pronunciation.